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Plant List

LIST - SEE BELOW - UPDATED September 28 2019

The plant list below is what remains on offer for October, when we are open by appointment or chance. If you see anything you want, email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or call 705-322-2545 to arrange a time that works for you. Or, just drop by, we are most often here.

This list shows only what is available now, at end of season, with many categories sold out. In November, we will update with what we expect to have next year so you can plan your 2020 planting. 

LOCATION: Just north of Elmvale, Ontario, inland from Georgian Bay, north of Barrie, east of Wasaga Beach, south of Midland, west of Orillia. The address is 1186 Flos Rd. 10. Elmvale ON L0L 1P0

Note: Do not use GPS to get to our nursery - it will mislead you! Follow directions on this MAP

- Plant sales from the garden gate only - no shipping (except for books and, from fall onwards, seeds). However, large deliveries can be arranged.
- Payment: E-transfer, cash or cheque. No credit or debit cards.
- About our plants: All plants are potted and hardy in the Huronia area. We use no pesticides or commercial fertilizers, to ensure that our plants are safe for pollinators and other insects and therefore safe up the ecosystem food chain. Most are grown from seed at the ROTN nursery. Some are sourced from other Ontario native plant propagators.
- About this nursery: It runs out of the garden of our family home. Think of it as a boutique operation, with a wide selection of perennial species, some not available elsewhere, but generally not in large numbers (eg more than 20) at any one time. Given notice, however, we can ramp up into 100+ and do quantity as well as quality!
- Please recycle: We are always happy to have our pots returned, especially the 1-gal and 1/2-gal sizes.
-Note: The height cited at the beginning of each entry in the list below is what it can grow to in Huronia; the plant's present height, in the pot, is often at the end of the description. The size of the pot (1 gal, 1/2 gal, 10 cm) gives an idea of root size.
 
Quantities may be limited. Prices subject to change.
 
Check the list below for availability, additions, deletions.
'New' means new to this list, not a newly created introduction to the plant world as those are not on offer here. 'Added' means available earlier or in other years and now back on in stock. The list is updated daily. However, as some quantities are limited, we could sell out of a species during the day, and the list would not yet reflect that. If you are coming from a distance, call 705-322-2545 before you set out, to be sure that we still have the plants you want.

Useful reference for lakefront residents:
Lake Huron Coastal Dune Plants Guide
*Slideshow photography by Anne McArthur

Services include:
  • Advice on creating an ornamental garden that works for you, your birds, your bees etc...
  • Advice on creating a traditional Medicine Wheel Garden
  • Advice on controlling invasives (See also, what not to plant)
  • Consultations: $100, payable on the day of the visit, for an on-site consultation in the Barrie/Midland/Wasaga Beach area (includes written report with suggested plantings). Mileage charge of 55c/km to go further afield
  • Speaker, $100, on native plants, pollinators, birds in your garden, creating habitat, the nature of soil, invasive species and related topics
  • Contract growing, contract potting
  • Find-a-plant. We are always interested in trying to track down a native plant if you have a specific request.



Annuals & Biennials

Cirsium discolor – Field Thistle
Up to 2 metres. Native thistles are becoming rare on our landscape. Large flowers and abundant nectar attract pollinators, the seed is enjoyed by birds. Purple flower heads consisting of many narrow tubeshaped flowers appear from July to September. A biennial or short-leaved perennial, self-seeds readily on open soil. A warning: From August onwards, this plant starts to look the worse for wear. The bees still love it! but it's not for the gardener with conventional aesthetic standards. Full sun, accommodates to a wide range of soil conditions. First-year (will flower next year) 30 cm height 1 gal pot $7

Perennials

Actaea pachypoda – White Baneberry
Up to 70 cm Also known as Doll’s Eyes, for the black-dotted white fruit on red stalks that appear in August. Lovely frothy white flowers in June. Finely dissected grey-green foliage. Deciduous shade (needs sun in spring). Accommodates to a variety of soil conditions. 10 cm height 1/2 gal pot $7

Agastache foeniculum – Anise Hyssop
100 cm approx. Our all-round favourite pollinator plant! Highlighted as a top performer by the Xerces Society. Member of the mint family. Bees and butterflies are irresistibly drawn to these pretty blue-purple flower spikes with leaves that smell and taste of anise (delicious in teas, salads and cooking). Grows into effective clumps, not fussy, not aggressive, self-seeds readily. One of last plants to stay in flower in fall, providing sustenance for late pollinators. Sun, part shade. 25-65 cm 1 gal pot $7

Allium cernuum - Wild Nodding Onion 
20-60 cm. A stand-out among members of the onion family that are grown for their decorative flowers. Nodding white-pink flowers in July-August. A Carolinian plant that's now rare in the wild, found principally on the Lake Erie islands. Attracts butterflies, bees. Full sun, average soil conditions. 30 cm in 1/2 gal pot $7

Amsonia ciliata - Fringed Bluestar
50-80 cm Clump-forming perennial with clusters of lovely star-like, pale blue flowers. Blooms in June. Attractive narrow leaves turn gold in fall. Not native to Ontario, but further south on eastern North American continent - as far north as North Carolina. It is perfectly hardy here in Huronia. Accommodates to a variety of soils. Sun with some shade. 35 cm 1 gal $7

Anaphalis margaritacea – Pearly Everlasting

See under Groundcovers

Anemone canadensis - Canada Anemone
See under Groundcovers

Anemone cylindrica - Thimbleweed
60 - 100 cm. Small white flowers in early summer, with long-lasting thimble-shaped seedheads in summer and fall that burst into fluffy cottony masses for winter interest, and wildlife food and nesting material. Pleasing deeply divided foliage. Does best in poor soil. Drought tolerant Self-seeds readily. Sun or shade. 30 cm 1 gal  $7

Antennaria neglecta - Field Pussytoes
See under Groundcovers

Aquilegia canadensis - Wild Columbine
30-80 cm Flowers in May-June, one of the glories of Ontario's deciduous forests, more glorious also than any other aquilegia. Its delicate hanging flowers have tubular red and yellow petals, flat red sepals and long spurs with yellow anthers. Attractive green foliage. Pollinated by hummingbirds, long-tongued bees. Best in well-drained soil in partial shade but adaptable - grows in sun in dry rocky terrain and poor gravelly soil. Self-seeds. 12 cm height 10 cm pot $6

Argentina anserina - Silverweed Cinquefoil
See under Groundcovers

Artemisia ludoviciana - White Sagebrush
60-80 cm Also known as Silver Wormwood and Western Mugwort. Aromatic pale grey foliage. Prefers poor soil and dry conditions. Can spread aggressively. One of the four medicine plants, used in purification ceremonies (smudging) 30 cm 1 gal $7

Asarum canadense - Wild Ginger
See under Groundcover

Asclepias incarnata - Swamp Milkweed
Up to 120 cm. Also known as Rose Milkweed. One of several milkweeds native to Ontario, this one is particularly beautiful, with a round cluster of pale and dark pink blooms in June-July. Don't be put off by the "weed" part of its name – it's elegant, it doesn't spread with underground runners like Common Milkweed and it's a very important plant to have, being a host to the Monarch butterfly. A wetland plant, it does require some moisture in the soil. Sun or part shade. 25 cm height 8 cm pot $6

Asclepias syriaca - Common Milkweed

80-100 cm. The perfect Monarch host, a beautiful plant with fragrant dusky pink flowers held in drooping globes from end of June to early August. Attracts a wide variety of pollinators. Dry to moist soil conditions, sun or shade. Spreads - in the right circumstances, but as is pointed out on the Monarch Watch website, being a good colonizer does not necessarily mean that a plant species is a good competitor for light, space and nutrients. In fact, Common Milkweed, by far the best colonizer among our milkweeds, tends to be out-competed and disappear as plant succession progresses.30 cm height 1 gal $5

Asclepias tuberosa - Butterfly Weed
40-80 cm. Brilliant orange flowers from June to September make this member of the Milkweed family a most desirable garden plant. Clump-forming - doesn't send out underground runners, but does form a large taproot, making transplanting difficult. Drought-tolerant. Late to break dormancy. Host to the Monarch butterfly. Sun or part-shade. 30 cm height 13 cm pot $5 $7

Chelone glabra - White Turtlehead 
30-90 cm Spikes of white flowers in August- September, the distinctive shape of the flower gives the plant its common name. Narrow lance-shaped leaves. Larval host for the Baltimore Checkerspot butterfly. Full sun or part shade. Some moisture needed in the soil. 20 cm height 1 gal pot $7

Conoclinium coelestinum - Blue Mistflower
70-90 cm Native to points south and west of the Great Lakes - USDA map. Beautiful flat-top clusters of delicate powder-blue flowers that look like Ageratum. Closely related to the white-flowered Bonesets (Eupatorium spp.), and is sometimes referred to as Eupatorium coelestinum. Good cut flower, rain garden plant. Full sun to light shade - prefers moist conditions, can spread aggressively in moist, open ground. 25 cm height1 gal pot $7

Coreopsis grandiflora - Large-flowered Tickseed
60 cm Showy yellow flowers from June to September (remove deadheads to prolong blooming), sun or part sun, likes good drainage in a variety of soils. Attracts pollinators. 20 cm height 1 gal pot $7

Coreopsos tripteris - Tall Coreopsis
A tall (2 metres plus), picturesque plant with long stems. Daisy like yellow flowers with maroon centres from July to September. Makes a nice clump that sways in the wind. Accommodates to most soils, good in sand. Sun. 25 cm height 1 gal $7

Echinacea purpurea – Purple Coneflower
70 cm A classic: large pink daisy-like flowers with orange-bronze centres on erect stems. One of the joys of an Ontario summer. A nectar plant that's visited by many pollinators, including hummingbirds and Monarch butterflies. Sun or light dappled shade. Average soil. 18 cm 1 gal $5

Eupatorium perfoliatum – Common Boneset SOLD OUT
100-160 cm Showy clusters of white flowers really brighten up a shady spot. Leaves are "perfoliated," meaning they clasp the stem. This made it a folk remedy, based on the idea that a poultice of this plant could help broken bones knit together. Blooms August-October. Pollinator plant. Shade, part shade. 65 cm height in 1 gal pot $7

Eurybia divaricata - Wood Aster
Approx 30 cm Also known as Heartleaf Aster. Blooms late summer and early fall in dry shade (few plants are this accommodating). Spreads into large clumps, useful as a groundcover. The clouds of white stars contrast sharply with its wiry black stems and show up well in shade. Shade, part shade. 25 cm height 1/2 gal pot $7

Eurybia macrophylla - Large-leaved Aster
Approx 80 cm Large white flowers in flat-topped flower heads, mainly white, some with tinges of blue or lavender. Blooms in August-September.  Shade or part shade. 50 cm height 1 gal $7 

Euthamia graminifolia – Flat-topped Goldenrod
30-150 cm. Also known as Lance-leaved or Grass-leaved Goldenrod. Pretty fragrant pale yellow flowers, a delicate form. Most Goldenrods (although not the shade ones also listed here) do seed, spread and try to take over. While this is not the worst offender, it is a spreader, and - like the others - a gorgeous celebration of the end of summer. Goldenrods are the number one herbaceous plant in terms of the number of pollinators they support - so finding the right spot for this species will enhance the ecological value of of your garden. Ragweed, a native that flowers at the same time, is the one responsible for people's allergies, although Goldenrod, being conspicuous, gets unfairly blamed. Sun, average soil. 60 cm plus 1 gal pot $7

Eutrochium maculatum – Spotted Joe Pye Weed
180 cm plus Formerly known as Eupatorium maculatum. One of the most glorious native plants in our area, Joe Pye grows six feet tall and is covered with a cloud of dusky pink flowers in July and August. Attracts hummingbirds, butterflies and pollinators. Later, the fluffy seeds are much relished by white-crowned and white-throated sparrows as they pass through on their fall migration. A wetland plant that accommodates to a variety of soils. But leaves will scorch if conditions are too dry. Sun. 65 cm height1 gal pot $7

Eutrochium purpureum – Sweet-scented Joe Pye Weed
120 cm A better Joe-Pye for many garden situations, because it is not as tall and - a woodland plant - it grows in drier conditions than Spotted Joe Pye. The flowers are pinker, the stem is purple, at the joints or all the way up. Similarly attractive to hummingbirds, butterflies and other pollinators, with seeds also enjoyed by the white-crowned and white-throated sparrows. 1 gal pot $7

Geum rivale - Water Avens
25-50 cm. Nodding reddish purple flowers in June and July attract bees and other pollinators. A denizen of slow-draining or wet soils. Aromatic root, hairy stem, compound leaves. Rhizome spread forms slowly expanding clumps. Sun or part shade. 1 gal $7

Helianthus divaricatus - Woodland Sunflower
90 cm plus Bright yellow daisy-like flowers, about 4 cm across, from July to September. Lights up difficult-to-plant dry shady beds and attracts a variety of pollinators, which makes it an excellent plant for the woodland garden. Larval host for the Silvery Checkerspot, Gorgon Checkerspot and Painted Lady butterflies. Spreads by underground rhizomes, is said to be aggressive, but I have found it a boon if grown in shade. 40 cm 1 gal $7

Helianthus giganteus - Giant Sunflower
2 m. A dramatic narrow-leaved perennial sunflower with numerous pale yellow flowers on reddish stems, July-October. Likes full sun, moist ground. Use in naturalizing, not in perennial beds, as it spreads and self-seeds aggressively. Like Jerusalem artichokes, produces edible tubers (but fewer and smaller).  From Heather Holm’s Bees: 'Sunflowers have a high wildlife value as they support many species of specialist bees, several moth and butterfly species and produce seeds sought after by songbirds.' 1 gal $7

Heliopsis helianthoides - Oxeye Sunflower  
1 m approx Also known as Smooth Oxeye. A striking yellow daisy, member of the aster family, not to be confused with the invasive, non-native white oxeye daisy. Grows in dry soils in sun or part shade. Flowers June-September. Great meadow plant. Attracts butterflies and pollinators. Deer resistant, juglone (walnut) resistant. 1 gal $7

Iris versicolor – Northern Blue Flag Iris
See under Pond Plants

Lobelia siphilitica - Great Blue Lobelia SOLD OUT
Up to 90 cm Clump-forming perennial with dense spikes of clear blue tubular flowers from August-October. Attracts bees, hummingbirds, butterflies. Full to part sun, average to moist soil. 30 cm height 1 gal pot $5  

Ludwigia alternifolia - Seedbox
30-90 cm A plant of wetlands and sandy shores. Bright yellow flowers (June-September) on freely branching stems attract bees. In fall, seed capsules form in a cubic shape and foliage turns bright red to orange. The brown seed 'boxes' alternating up the stems look great in dried flower arrangements. Full sun to part shade, wet to moist conditions, acidic sandy soil though other soil types are tolerated. 15 cm height 10 cm pot $7

Mentha arvensis - Wild Mint
65 cm Aromatic foliage, fragrant mauve flowers that bloom July-September in whorls around the axils of the leaves. Attracts small bees, wasps, butterflies. Sun or part sun, moist to average soil. Can be used to make tea. 1 gal 10-35 cm $7

Mimulus ringens - Monkey Flower
60-100 cm Bushy plant with pretty mauve flowers that bloom for about a month some time from late June to mid-August. Needs consistent moisture, good for a rain or bog garden. Sun 60 cm height 1 gal pot $7

Monarda didyma - Oswego Tea Beebalm
80-100 cm approx Also known as Crimson Beebalm or Red Bergamot – striking red blooms on tall stalks, aromatic foliage, a great favourite with humming birds. Full sun, will tolerate some shade, average to moist soil. Spreads slowly. 30-40 cm height 1 gal pot $7

Monarda fistulosa – Wild Bergamot Beebalm
60-80 cm approx Soft mauve flowers, sweetly scented, attractive to pollinators - bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. A Xerces Society favourite. Flowers all summer long. 8 cm height 1 gal $6

Oenothera fruticosa – Narrow-leaved Sundrop
To 60 cm No-problem plant with bright yellow flowers that flourishes in poor soil. Member of Evening Primrose family, but blooms in daytime. Drought-tolerant. Spreads. Shallow-rooted so easily controlled. Blooms June-July. Hummingbrds, butterflies and many insects (including one bee specialist, see entry for Evening Primrose) visit for nectar, songbirds for seeds. Sun or shade 1/2 gal $5

Opuntia humifusia - Eastern Prickly Pear Cactus 
Up to 25 cm  Ontario’s only native cactus. A low-spreading succulent, with dramatic large pale yellow flowers in June, followed by fruit that turn red in fall. Natural populations are listed as endangered provincially and federally. Needs full sun, well-drained sand or gravel. Keep clear of weeds, handle with care or prickles will get you. 15 cm tall 10.5-cm pot $10

Packera paupercula - Balsam Ragwort
35 cm Bright yellow daisy-like flowers with recessed petals grow from a basal rosette. This is a plant found in the Carden Alvar in challenging conditions of little soil, intense drought and seasonal flooding. Also said to prefer moist sandy soil and full or partial sun. Also to be ideal for rock gardens and xeriscaping. 10 cm height 1/2 gal pot $7

Parnassia glauca – Fen Grass-of-Parnassus
20-40 cm Single brilliant white flowers on stems that rise above a basal rosette. Grows in bogs, fens, wet meadows, dune systems (including Wasaga Beach, in the wet, ungroomed areas). Waxy white petals delicately traced with pale green veins that act as a visual cue to guide bees and other pollinators to the nectar. One of the bees, Andrena parnassiae, is a specialist pollinator of this plant - which is not a grass. The name comes from a member of the same family (Saxifrage) that grows on Mount Parnassus. This is a little gem for a rain garden or other wet habitat. Needs full sun, consistently moist soil containing some gravel or sand, and protection from competition. 30 cm tall in ½ gal pot. $10 Limited quantity 

Penstemon digitalis – Foxglove Beardtongue
80 cm approx Penstemons are one of the most beautiful North American flowering species. Clusters of white bell-shaped flowers on tall erect stems. It's not a member of the foxglove family. Clump-forming, drought tolerant, sun or part sun/shade, average soils. 1 gal pot $7 Limited quantity 

Penstemon hirsutus – Hairy Beardtongue
60 cm approx Lavender bell-shaped flowers, gets its name from the hairs on the stem. A little shorter than the Foxglove Beardtongue, clump-forming, drought-tolerant. Sun or part sun/shade, average soils. 15 cm height 1 gal pot $7

Physostegia virginiana - Obedient Plant
100-130 cm Mauve or white flower spikes. So named because the flowers can be bent into position and will stay that way for a while. Another name is False Dragonhead. An underrated plant that is very effective at the back of the border and is always buzzing with pollinators - hummingbirds, butterflies, bees, etc. Spreads but relatively easy to control as it is shallow rooted. 80 cm 1 gal $5

Phytolacca americana - American Pokeweed
2 m plus - A striking plant that produces long racemes of white or pink flowers, arching over as it ages, followed by shiny dark purple berries. Pollinators come for nectar, songbirds and some mammals enjoy the berries, which are also used to make a dye or ink. A Lorraine Johnson favourite. All parts of this plant are toxic to humans if ingested. External contact is generally not harmful unless the person is especially sensitive. Large leaves, main stem often tinged with purple, deep taproot. Often seen in fences or growing along ditches. Shade or part sun, accommodates to a variety of soils including clay and gravel. 1 gal pot $7

Polygonum pennsylvanicum - Pennsylvania Smartweed
Attractive pink bottle-brush shaped flowers in June. The large seeds are an important food source for birds. This plant is said to be invasive, but I find it's easily controlled if planted in hot dry sun; it's a wetland plant, so the dry conditions keep it in check. Of course, if you have a wetland, let 'er rip. 1/2 gal $7

Pycnanthemum virginianum - Virginia Mountain Mint
30 to 90 cm - Grown for its wonderful fragrance, medicinal and culinary uses, but most of all because it is an amazing nectar plant, beloved by pollinators for its densely packed clusters of white flowers with purple dots and long bloom time (July-September). A spreader, not as aggressive as mint, but give it its own space. The bees and butterflies will be grateful. Full to partial sun, moist to average soil. 1 gal  pot $7

Ratibida pinnata - Grey-headed Coneflower
50-150 cm A tall plant of South-western Ontario’s tall grass prairie. Blooms June-September. Showy flower - with a prominent central disk, which is initially light green or gray and later turns dark brown, and extremely reflexed yellow petals. Attracts birds, butterflies, bees. Thrives in dry soil, excellent for xeriscaping. Sun or part shade. 1 gal $7

Rudbeckia hirta - Black-eyed Susan

60-80 cm The cheerful face of summer in Ontario. Short-lived perennial. Self-seeds. Full sun to part shade, most soils. 60 cm 1 gal $5

Ruellia humilis - Wild Petunia
45 cm Not a petunia. Gorgeous pale lilac petunia-shaped flowers from July to October make this plant a stand-out. Shape is a neat clump, leaves and stems are hairy. Self-seeds.  Native to points south of the Great Lakes (USDA map). Full sun to part shade, Adaptable, but flourishes in dry conditions, any type of soil. 15 cm height 1/2 gal $7

Sanguisorba officinalis - Great Burnet
60-120 cm Graceful spikes of burgundy-red flowers on long stalks float above attractive compound foliage. Pollinator plant. Full sun and some moisture. 55 cm 1/2 gal $5

Scrophularia marilandica - Carpenter’s Square  
60-150 cm (height varies widely depending on conditions) The name comes from its squared-off stem. Also known as Eastern or Late Figwort. Not a showy plant that's attractive to humans but its exceptionally abundant nectar makes it very attractive to hummingbirds, butterflies, native bees and beneficial insects. In fact, Figworts are given a special rating by the Xerces Society because of their value to insects. Broad panicles of small dark red cup-like flowers, variously described at ‘odd’ or ‘weird,’ that bloom a few at a time from July through October. Shade or part sun, accommodates to a range of soils, including sand, does need some moisture. 9 cm pot $6

Silene stellata - Starry Campion
50 cm Also known as Widow's Frill, Starry Catchfly. A beautiful perennial that should be grown more often in flower gardens (though if the soil is too rich, the plant may weaken and lean sideways). Panicles of deeply fringed white flowers clustered at the tops of tall stalks from June through September, leaves appear in whorls of four, attracts butterflies and moths. Drought tolerant. Light shade or partial sun - too much sun will turn the leaves yellow. Variety of soils. 10 cm $5

Silphium perfoliatum - Cup Plant

One of the tallest native perennials – 2 to 2.5 metres. Showy yellow daisy-type flowers from July-October. Drought tolerant. Leaves clasp the stem to make a cup that holds rainwater for several days where it is used by songbirds, butterflies and other insects. Develops deep roots. Accommodates to a variety of soils. Sun. 1 gal $7

Solidago flexicaulis - Zigzag Goldenrod
45-90 cm Yellow flowers on a zig-zag stem in September-October. Moist soils from sand to loam - forest floor conditions. Important source of nectar for many insects. Very shade-tolerant. Spreads by underground rhizomes, forming a mass in the woodland garden. 1 gal $7

Solidago graminifolia – Flat-topped Goldenrod
See Euthamia graminifolia.

Stylophorum diphyllum - Wood Poppy
Up to 40 cm Attractive deeply lobed leaves, lovely intense yellow flowers that bloom in May and June. The foliage exudes a yellow-orange sap. Sometimes called the Celandine Poppy, not to be confused with the look-alike Greater Celandine (Chelidonium majus), an invasive alien. The native species is endangered in the wild in Ontario, where there are only three known wild populations, in Middlesex County. Shade to part shade, some moisture. 15 cm ½ gal pot $7

Symphyotrichum novae angliae - New England Aster
85 cm Also known as Michaelmas Daisy – the essential fall flower, much loved by pollinators feeding up before winter. Drought tolerant, salt tolerant. Blooms from September to October. Sun, part shade. Purple. Accommodates to a variety of soils. 50 cm + height 1 gal $7

Symphyotrichum urophyllum - Arrow-leaved Aster
30-90 cm Small white flowers (occasionally pale blue to lilac) in dense clusters, yellow discs turn purple. Blooms August-October. Great pollinator plant. Partial sun. Variety of soils. 1 gal $7

Tiarella cordifolia – Foamflower  
See under groundcovers 

Tradescantia ohiensis - Ohio Spiderwort
120 cm Very attractive to bees and other pollinators. Lovely blue three-petalled flowers with showy yellow stamens open early morning, closed by afternoon. Lance-like foliage. At its best in June, but continues flowering through summer and into fall, albeit less intensely. Develops a spreading fibrous root system that is hard to dig up - so plant it where it is to stay. Self-seeds. Good for a prairie planting, erosion control and bank stabilization. Most at home in full sun and well-drained  sandy soil, but adapts easily to part shade and a full range of soil conditions. 40 cm height 1 gal pot $7

Verbena hastata – Blue Vervain
60-180 cm Candelabra-like inflorescences of slender spikes of purple-blue flowers, often seen in ditches. Short-lived perennial, will self-seed. Attracts butterflies and bees. Larval host for the Common Buckeye Butterfly. Sun, average to poor soil, needs some moisture. 60 cm 1 gal pot $7

Vernonia gigantea - Tall Ironweed ADDED
160 cm plus or minus. An impressive addition to the fall garden - eye-catchingl and wonderfully rich in colour. Clusters of small fluffy, deep purple, composite flowers – August to October - attract pollinators. Tall stems bearing attractive tawny-golden seedheads remain standing all winter and are a resource for birds. Grows in damp in the wild but still flourishes in dry soil. Pamper it with a mulch of rotted leaf litter. 35 cm 1 gal $9

Zizia aurea – Golden Alexanders
Up to 75 cm. Brilliant yellow flower umbels in May and June resemble Queen Anne's Lace (both are members of the carrot family and like others in the family are a host plant for the Black Swallowtail butterfly). Attracts pollinators. Drought tolerant. Sun or part shade, grows in a wide range of soils. 10 cm height 1 gal pot. $57

Grasses & Sedges

Andropogon gerardii - Big Bluestem
140-180 m. One of the dominant species of the North American tallgrass prairie prior to settlement. Highly ornamental with grey-green foliage turning bronze-red in autumn. Appearing in August, the inflorescences consist of three-pronged purplish spikelets from which depend pretty contrasting yellow anthers and resemble (some say) a turkey’s foot, giving it one of its alternative names – Turkeyfoot. Deeply rooted, forms a dense clump. A high-protein forage species, also being considered as potential feedstock for ethanol production. Songbirds eat the seeds, grasshopppers, katydids and other insects eat the foliage. Drought-tolerant. Full sun to part shade, accommodates to a wide variety of soils. 10 cm pot, 10 cm in height, will flower this year 1 gal $7

Bouteloua curtipendula - Side Oats Grama
40 - 75 cm Arching narrow blue-green leaves turn bronze in fall. Spaced out floral spikes hang from one side of the stems, turning from pale green to purplish red to light tan. Found in mixed grass prairies. Fed on by grasshoppers and various bugs, seeds consumed by birds. In areas with little competition, can form a dense sod. Full sun, various soils including gravel. Drought tolerant. 10 cm in 10 cm pot $7

Carex muskingumensis - Muskingum Sedge
40-100 cm. Also known as Palm Sedge. Native to the Great Lakes region. Beautiful form and lovely glossy green foliage which branches out from the main stem, resembling palm fronds. Native to wooded lowlands. Prefers moist soil and will grow in shallow water. Full sun sun to part shade. Spreads. 1/2 gal $7

Carex hystericina - Porcupine Sedge
100 cm An attractive sedge of marshes and wet meadows with a bristly flower spike, provides food for many species of wetland birds. Will grow in average dry soil. Full sun 8.5 cm $5

Chasmanthium latifolium - Northern Sea Oats ADDED
60-150 cm A lovely grass with arching panicles of flat drooping spikelets in late summer that start a light green and turn a purplish bronze in fall. Great in dried flower arrangements. Leave foliage in place over winter to add interest and protect crowns from cold. Self-seeds and spreads vigorously by underground rhizomes. Prefers partial shade, moist conditions. 15 cm in height 10 cm pot $7

Eleocharis palustris - Marsh Spike-rush

Grows in thick mats into the water providing erosion control and habitat for fish and frogs. Attracts dragonflies and damsonflies. 10 cm pot. $4

Elymus canadensis – Canada Wild Rye
120 cm A native grass that grows in riparian woodlands, many types of forest, lakeside sand dunes, and tallgrass prairie. Arching stems are weighted by the nodding, whiskery inflorescences that appear in August. Can be used for stabilizing eroded areas. Seeds feed birds. Full to part sun. Accommodates to a variety of soil conditions. 1 gal $7

Elymus hystrix - Eastern Bottlebrush Grass
60 to 120 cm Sometimes called (erroneously) Hystrix patula. A clump-forming woodland native that looks great in the shade garden. Attractive seedheads resembling bottlebrushes appear from July onwards, Can be used in dried arrangements. Medium to loam soil. Part to full shade. 10 cm tall in 10 cm pots $5

Hierochloe odorata - Sweet Grass
Aromatic grass, grows to about 20 cm (8 inches), spreads vigorously through underground rhizomes. One of the four medicine plants, used in North American indigenous purification ceremonies (smudging). 30 cm in height $6 

Panicum virgatum - Switchgrass  ADDED
70 cm A plant of the tallgrass prairie in Ontario, adaptable to many soil types and conditions, used for sand dune stabilization, soil erosion control and wildlife habitat. Delicate  airy panicles turn bronze in fall. 1 gal $7

Sisyrinchium montanum – Blue-eyed Grass
See under perennials

Sorghastrum nutans – Indian Grass SOLD OUT
100-140 cm A dramatically beautiful tallgrass prairie plant that comes into its own in late August, when tiny golden flowers form on bronze spikelets. Deep-rooted, clump-forming, great fall colour and continuing winter interest. Major wildlife value – various species of grasshopper (an important food for many songbirds) feed on the foliage. Birds consume the seeds and use the foliage for nesting material and cover. Sun. Accommodates to a variety of soils. 35 cm 1 gal $7

Schizachyrium scoparium - Little Bluestem
70 cm Another of the dominant species of the tallgrass prairie. Finely textured clumping grass with a blue-green summer colour. Purple-bronze flowers in August. In fall through winter, fluffy silvery seed heads on grass that turns a rosy rust colour. Adapts to most soils, except for wet or highly fertile ones. Full sun. Drought tolerant. Cut to the ground in late winter to early spring. 1/2 gal pot, 10 cm in height, will flower this year $7

Spartina pectinata - Prairie Cord Grass
1.2-2.1 m A dominant grass of the wet prairies. Dramatically tall wth gracefully arching foliage. Spreads rapidly by rhizomes, making it useful for wetland restoration and erosion control. Provides valuable cover and sometimes food for gamebirds, songbirds and small mammals. Interesting fall colour. Showy seedheads attract birds. Pioneers and aboriginal peoples used it for thatching their dwellings and making rope and cord. 13.5 cm pot 50 cm in height $7

Pond Plants

Acorus americanus - Sweet Flag
30-90 cm A pond plant with a curious pale yellow flower. The straplike leaves are aromatic, the root is favoured by muskrats. Sun to part shade, moist to wet soil. 1 gal pot $7

Caltha palustris - Marsh Marigold

30-60 cm Bright yellow flowers April-June, attractive glossy foliage. Not a true marigold, which is part of the Aster family, but closely related to Buttercup (Ranunculus) species. Moist soil or standing water. Full to part sun. 1/2 gal $7 Limited quantity

Carex muskingumensis - Muskingum Sedge
See under Grasses and Sedges

Eleocharis palustris - Marsh Spike-rush
See under Grasses and Sedges

Iris versicolor – Northern Blue Flag Iris 
60-90 cm A plant for the edge of the pond, strappy foliage, elegant blue flowers with a yellow highlight, blooms from May to August. Attracts bees, hummingbirds. 1 gal $6

Ferns

Cystopteris bulbifera - Bulblet Fern
60 cm Graceful rock-loving fern that will also grow in average soil in part sun / part shade. Round bulblets form on the light green fronds and can fall to grow into a new plant. 10 cm pot $7

Matteuccia struthiopteris – Ostrich Fern

75-125 cm A tall, striking fern that works well in formal gardens. Moist shade, but adaptable to many conditions. A vigorous spreader - don't plant unless you can give it space to run. Coiled spring shoots are edible (remove bronze-coloured sheath and boil in 3 waters). Sun, shade or part shade.1 gal $7 

Onoclea sensibilis – Sensitive Fern 
Up to 50 cm Its sensitivity is to frost, its fronds will wither at the first touch, but the plant is hardy and will be back in spring. Moist shade or part shade. Spreads. 1/2 gal $7  

Osmunda regalis spectabilis - Royal Fern
1-2 m The name is an indication of the stately beauty of this fern with broad, twice divided fronds. Will take more light than other ferns, but absolutely requires consistent moisture. Part sun to part shade, variety of moist soils, including sand. 55 cm tall in 1.5 gal pot $10 Limited quantity

Groundcovers

Anaphalis margaritacea – Pearly Everlasting
Soft grey foliage offers spring-fall interest, pretty white flowers bloom in August and make a great dried flower. Host plant for the caterpillars of the American Painted Lady butterfly. Shade. 1/2 gal pot $5

Anemone canadensis - Canada Anemone 

30-60 cm Charming white flowers, good foliage with deeply cut sharply toothed leaves, blooms from late May to early July. Spreads aggressively - don't plant unless you can give it space to run, or can contain it, like mint. Medium to moist soil, sun or shade. 1/2 gal $5

Antennaria neglecta - Field Pussytoes
15-30 cm Low growing spreader has white flowers resembling a cat’s paw and grey foliage. Blooms from late April to early June and attracts many pollinators. Host plant for the American Painted Lady butterfly. Prefers full sun, sand or average dry soils but accommodates to a variety of conditions. Works in rock gardens, xeriscapes, can thrive in lawns (delay mowing until caterpillar development is complete). 10 cm pot $4

Argentina anserina - Silverweed Cinquefoil
25 cm Previously known as Potentilla argentina. Low-growing, attractive compound foliage with silvery hairy underside, spreads aggressively with red runners, yellow flowers from June to September. Attracts bees. This is a pioneer plant species that helps stabilize wetlands, dunes, and beaches. So, preference is for sandy or gravelly soil, but will accommodate to average conditions. Salt tolerant. Leaves and roots are said to be edible. 10 cm pot $4 1/2 gal pot $5

Asarum canadense - Wild Ginger
30 CM Beautiful rounded leaf with a satin sheen, this is an excellent groundcover for shade. You have to lift the foliage to find the intriguing tricorn maroon flowers that appear in April, lying close to the ground. Ants disperse the seed. Flourishes in moist conditions but will do fine in dry ground. Shade. 1/2 gal $5

Eurybia divaricata - Wood Aster
Blooms late summer and early fall in dry shade – few plants are this accommodating. Spreads into large clumps, useful as a groundcover in shade. The clouds of white stars contrast sharply to its wiry black stems and show up well in shade. Also known as Heartleaf Aster. Shade, part shade. 1/2 gal $7

Fragaria vesca – Wild Strawberry
A low-growing, spreading groundcover. Accommodates to average soils, from sand to clay to loam. Good pollinator plant. Sun or shade. Produces tiny fragrant fruit in sun. 10 cm pot $5

Hydrophyllum virginianum - Virginia Waterleaf
20-50 cm A low-growing woodland plant with clusters of pretty blue (sometimes white) flowers in May and June, deeply divided foliage. Shade or part shade, some moisture preferred. Leaves are said to be edible, raw or cooked, best when picked young. Spreads readily by seed and rhizome. 10 cm pot $5

Salvia lyrata - Lyreleaf Sage
30-60 cm Native to points south of the Great Lakes - USDA map. Semi-evergreen perennial with a rosette of leaves at the base, makes a good ground cover that can be mowed and walked on. A member of the mint family, with spikes of showy pale-blue to violet, tubular flowers in spring and summer. Attracts hummingbirds and butterflies, tolerant of range of soils - likes sandy soil but is clay- tolerant. Can seed prolifically. Sun to part-shade. 9 cm pot $5

Tiarella cordifolia – Foamflower  
15 cm (5 inches). An attractive woodland groundcover that spreads slowly by runners. White or pale pink flower spikes create a soft cloud-like effect mid-May to early June. Charming maple-shaped leaves offer continuing interest into fall. Shade or part shade. Average soil (prefers moisture but does fine in dry shade). 1/2 gal $7

Vines

Clematis virginiana - Virgin’s Bower
Up to 6 m Woody vine with clusters of pretty white flowers from June to September and fluffy seedheads that persist to provide winter interest. Prefers moist soil in sun or part shade. 1 gal $7 1/2 gal $6

Lonicera sempervirens - Trumpet Honeysuckle NEW
This perennial vine can grow to 5 m, climbing walls and fences and adjoining vegetation. The USDA map shows it as native to the states south of the Great Lakes and introduced in Canada. It is hardy in Huronia and earns its place on this list thanks to brilliant orange-red flowers that are a major hummingbird favourite. 1 gal $6 Limited quantity

Parthenocissus quinquefolia - Virginia Creeper
Beautiful five-lobed leaves that turn brilliant red in fall. Virginia Creeper is not destructive of masonry and adds a level of cooling insulation in summer. It's good nesting habitat and the berries are a high-quality food for birds. A vigorous grower that does have invasive tendencies – but easy to pull out where not wanted. 1 gal $6

Shrubs

Note: Shrub and tree inventory and quantities are limited as the focus of this nursery shifts towards a specialization in perennials.

Aronia melanocarpa - Black Chokeberry ADDED
1-2 m Multi- stemmed shrub, good hedging material, salt tolerant. White flowers tinged with pink in June, glossy green foliage turning deep red in fall, with dark blue berries for which many claims are made regarding health-promoting properties. Good for wildlife. Prefers moist conditions, adaptable to most soils. 60 cm 1 gallon $9

Cornus alternifolia – Pagoda Dogwood

See under Small Trees

Cornus racemosa - Gray Dogwood
1.8 m Dome-shaped panicles of white flowers in June, turn into white berries in fall. Good naturalizer. Wild life food source, habitat. Full to part sun. Prefers some moisture, tolerates a variety of soil conditions. 80 cm in 1 1/2 gal pots. $7

Cornus sericea - Red Osier Dogwood ADDED
1m Noted for red stems that look great in winter against snow. Clusters of white flowers in spring. White berries. Wildlife value. Excellent for erosion control. Sun. 40 cm 1 gal $5

Rhus aromatica – Fragrant Sumac ADDED 
1 m No, it doesn't spread - this is the only non-colonizing sumac in our area. It doesn't grow too tall either, making it useful in situations where a view needs to be preserved. Clusters of yellow flowers. Lovely trilobed leaves that give off a citrus fragrance when crushed. Great fall colour. Adaptable to part shade, but best in sun on dry sandy, rocky or clay sites. 60 cm 1 gal $9

Salix bebbiana – Bebb’s Willow
2-4 m Also known as Beaked Willow or Diamond Willow, the latter name due to a fungus that creates diamond-shaped patterns in the wood which is then prized for canes and other ornamental craftwork. Silvery grey foliage, fast–growing. Larval host for Mourning Cloak and Viceroy butterflies. Sun or part sun, most soils, moist or wet. 1 gal 40-60 cm $5 

Salix discolor - Pussy Willow  
2 m plus A denizen of ditches and moist soils, the soft grey "fur" of the male catkins is one of the first signs of spring in Ontario. Of great value to wildlife as habitat and food. Full sun, moist soil. 125 cm 2 gallon $5

Sambucus pubens - Red-berried Elderberry
1 to 3 m Bushy multi-stemmed shrub with graceful arching branches. Flowers open mid-May and are insect-pollinated. Colourful berry crop ripens in July and early August and is among the first fruit available to birds. Inedible and possibly toxic to humans. Accommodates to variety of soils. An understory or edge of forest shrub that takes some deciduous shade. $5

Spirea tomentosa – Steeplebush
60-120 cm Showy clusters of pink flowers from July-September attract pollinators. Like other late bloomers, it's of great value to butterflies and other pollinators. Full sun, wet or moist conditions, acidic sandy soil. 10cm. $5

Small Trees

Cornus alternifolia – Pagoda Dogwood
About 7 m Just a joy - an elegant small tree that arranges its branches in layers – like a pagoda. It can grow as a shrub. White flowers in spring, blue-black berries in July-August that are devoured by birds. Fast-growing. Shade or part shade. 20 cm 1 gal  $7

Prunus virginiana - Chokecherry
8 m Fast-growing suckering tree or shrub with great wildlife value. Pretty white blossoms in spring, purple fruit in fall that is edible but very tart - leave it for the birds! 20 cm 1 gal $7

Shade Trees

Aescula Glabra – Ohio Buckeye
9-12 m Showy yellow flowers in May-June are pollinated by the Ruby-throated Hummingbird and various long-tongued bees. Attractive compound leaves and shiny brown ‘conker’ nuts in prickly husks. This is the North American cousin of the European Horse Chestnut and, as with that tree, all parts are toxic if ingested to humans and other mammals. Moist, humusy soil in sun or part shade. 30 cm 1 gal $7

Celtis occidentalis – Common Hackberry
10-15 m. Similar to elm in shape and size, but often considered superior. Withstands heat and drought. Yellow in fall. Interestingly ridged gray bark. Good for wildlife – the red-orange berries are said to be the favourite food of wild turkeys. Only host for the Hackberry Emperor butterfly. 55-65 cm $9

Maclura pomifera - Osage Orange
8-15 3m Grows as a tree or multi-stem shrub. Also known as Hedge Apple. Huge fruit, interesting history. Huronia is probably too far north for it to survive the winter, recommended for S-W Ontario, possibly GTA. 20 cm 1 gal $7

Conifers